Going Outside the Box with 'Skyline'

Greg Strause shares what it was like directing the latest alien mash-up with his brother Colin.

Check out the Skyline trailer and clips at AWNtv!

The Strause brothers came armed with visions of blue light, Greek mythology and single-cell organisms. Images courtesy of Rogue Pictures.

For Greg & Colin Strause, there had to be redemption after AVP-R. They had too much going for them at Hydraulx as VFX gurus and too much to offer as passionate directors. So, when they had the chance to make their own indie and play by their own rules, they couldn't resist setting up Skyline with Relativity Media and Rogue Pictures. Only they didn't want it to be like any of the other alien invasion movies they'd seen lately; they wanted their come into the blue light seduction to turn into a high-tech Godzilla and flying squids destroying LA.

"There was a confluence of four events that happened," Strause recalls. "The first was the frustration of trying to develop projects and having creative differences with producers; the second was watching Paranormal Activity make $100 million at the box office; the third was buying the Red camera and ARRI master prime lenses; and the fourth was remodeling my Marina del Rey condo and using that as a backdrop for our movie."

Skyline's conceptwas simple: Aliens come to earth with a very efficient idea for mass abduction that goes all the way back to Greek mythology -- the siren. They release bright, glowing orbs that induce people into a zombie-like state.

With a script by Animation Supervisor Joshua Cordes and Visual Effects Consultant Liam O'Donnell, Skyline was completed in less than a year on a $10 million budget with vfx comparable to studio sci-fi fare.

Hydraulx came of age with Skyline by embracing one color space to rule them all.

"This was the most liberating experience," Strause continues. "We got to develop, cast, create, design and make the movie that we wanted to. The only limiting factor was our budget. This was great -- none of the BS that we had to deal with on AVP-R.

"One of the initial concepts for the aliens was we wanted to be as least derivative as possible and to try new things. So the first thing we decided to do was avoid metallic or ceramic motherships. We wanted ships to seem organic or have some living bio quality to them, and that inspired the overall design idea, which was asymmetrical. We used single-cell organisms as the hallmark of the design. On the creature side of things, the big design directive was we wanted something 60-feet tall. So that resulted in the first creature, which is called The Tanker, a scary monster that could smash cars and destroy buildings like Godzilla. The other creatures were ones that could defy gravity -- one large [Drone] and one small [Hydra]. The idea there being that the large one could fly around and terrorize the city and the other could be small enough to get inside buildings. There is a thread of DNA that shows the same light energy that these orbs emit connecting the ships to the creatures."

Skyline turned out to be the most daunting and demanding in Hydraulx history: 1,000 shots. They had an in-house design team led by Kino Scialabba, who worked in parallel with Amalgamated Dynamics (led by Tom Woodruff and Alec Gills, who worked with Hydraulx on AVP-R). Although the hero creatures required full the full treatment from design to 3D, smaller creatures went straight to 3D.

The pipeline was streamlined to allow three guys to light 1,000 shots.

The bulk of the R&D and pipeline revamping revolved around volumetric dynamics. "Skyline is the first movie for Hydraulix where we did everything in scene reference, photometric, linear color space," Strause explains. "Even when we started, we didn't have that pipeline working. The big thing for us was that it started with the acquisition. We worked with Red and this was the first project where we were able to go straight to EXR [file format]. And we saw huge efficiencies even though we had to retrain the whole compositing department. The stars lined up so that our Inferno and Flame and Red were all in sync at about the same time. We were able to switch the pipeline over and even the DI was done in photometric linear, which was awesome.

"We were floating point all the way through for the way the images were stored. And the flexibility and latitude and freedom we got were fantastic. Everyone in the company started thinking more in photographic terms. That was cool because it's the best way to work: one color space to rule them all. It's been messy over the past few years with every digital camera outputting a pseudo log format that's different from each other. No one seems to have figured out a very elegant solution for controlling color science from acquisition to film out, including the DI facilities. There are so many horror stories for big budget movies, regardless of the camera, and this is one where we were able to stay in linear all the way through. The DCT master we made was just a straight output right out of that. It was also the first time we did a DI in-house, so having control from start to finish was nerve wracking but very gratifying in the end.

"We are very much Maya and mental ray-driven, including a proprietary mental ray shader and lighting system based on HDRI images. This was updated and the whole pipeline was streamlined to basically allow three guys to light 1,000 shots. We have boujou for camera tracking and quite a bit of Fume FX and Krakatoa in conjunction with some of our own tools that were integrated into Maya Fluids, which made a surprising amount of the volumetric effects. And then there was a lot of RealFlow to make the Tanker drool. So every shot of the Tanker is a fluid sim and that's 300 shots.

Volumetric effects posed the biggest challenge, and two guys quit because they didn't think the biggest sequence could be done.

"The stuff that caused everyone the biggest heart attack is a sequence when one of the motherships crashes and rebuilds itself. These ships are about a mile and a quarter wide, so the scale is massive and all the dirt and dust and debris as it rebuilds is huge. When we were first showing the previs in July and telling everyone that it had to get done by September, there were a couple of guys who said it was never going to happen and they quit. It was very daunting shot from a dynamics standpoint. But they got it done."

And what does Strause say about Sony's protests of conflict of interest with Hydraulx simultaneously working on the similarly themed Battle: Los Angeles (opening March 11, 2011)? "The idea of genre preclusion may sound OK on the surface, but when you get down into it, it's ridiculous," Strause offers. "I was working on <Avatar> at the same time and that happens to be about aliens, by the way. My reply to half of their complaint is: 'I'm more concerned that the core of Battle LA is based on a scene in AVP-R.' I've already directed a scene where there's literally a fire fight on the streets of an American city where a platoon gets wiped out by aliens. We've done that already. So to try and tell me that I can't do something with aliens in it doesn't make sense."

Bill Desowitz is senior editor of AWN & VFXWorld.

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